'When you hear Bautzen, you think of prison!' That was the headline in a regional newspaper in the summer of 1999. More than any other place, Bautzen, a small town in Saxony, has become a synonym for injustice and political persecution in the Soviet zone of occupation and the German Democratic Republic.
The building of the former 'Stasi prison' Bautzen II is now the site of the Bautzen Memorial. This site commemorates the victims of the two Bautzen prisons. In the Bautzen I and II prisons, people were incarcerated under inhuman conditions during the period of the Soviet occupation and the SED dictatorship. The permanent exhibition, part of which is still under construction, documents the victims' suffering and elucidates the political and historical context. In addition to the exhibitions, visitors may see the detention cells, the isolation tract and the exercise yards.
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